Company K


Winona 1851-1861 
        Dakota Era
        Pioneer Era
        Eve of  War

Road to Gettysburg
        Company K

July 1, 1863
       Company K

July 2, 1863
        The Historians
        Company K

July 3, 1863
        Company K

July 4, 1863
        Company K



             Jane Ely
             Charles Ely



NYC & Brooklyn
        Company K

1ST Minnesota & 20th Maine

Acknowledgements & Credits

St. Patrick's Day,
March 17, 1863

Company K Roster

User's Guide


Charles Goddard's Letters

     Camp Near
     Falmouth Depot
          May24th, 1863
Dear Mother your
kind letter was received
last evening containing
a neck tie.  Why I did
not write when Ely did
was because I thought if
he wrote it would be one
[ngh] at that time and
I would give you a
long letter when I got
whare I could do so
conveniently.  Why our
Army recrossed the river
is more than I know
and I suppose there is
a great many in the
same fix, if I could tell
you I would do so, but
being as ignorant as your
self of the position of the
Army refr the river I can
not give you any reliable
information. Please remem
ber that our Division was
here at Fredericksburg and
we could not possibly know
anything about any other
part of the field as for
the heoghts in the rear of
the city I think that
we could of held them
if they would only have let this
Division go in and give
them a turn, instead
of that they withdrew this
Div- to this side of the
river and allow the
Rebels to come up on the
heights without fighting
any.  I dont know
what was Gen Hookers
plans so I dont know
whether he was out
Generalded or fell back
on account of the two years
mens time being out.
there certainly are a great
many going home now
Our Gen worked a sharp
game to get the rebs routed
out of the pitts when we
first crossed.  Ordering all of
our division to the right
we had to go about
320 rods of ground that
was perfectly smooth, here they
gave us plenty of shell, still
we kept on moving to
the wright and the rebs
thinking they had better
have some more men
where we were going
ordered troops up from their
right, our left and put
them in the rifle pitts in
front of us, then Gen Sedgw
ick went in and cleaned
out the rebs from whare they
had taken reinforcements
to cope with us.  I would
not censure any one of
our Gens without knowing
more than I do at the
presant moment about
their real positions and
     We had a division
drill the other day, such
a time all dust and
no water for about 10
hours.  We had Brigade
inspection the other day
and marches about
a mile to the ground
then passed in review
and was reviewed then
marched a short way
around to get to camp
Our Brigade is comm
andered by Moorehead a
regular old leatherhead
he is and granny, we lost
a good Gen when sully
left us, this old fellow keeps
us drilling all the time
and the sun is so hot
that it will fairly melt
a fellow.  Mother you say
You are going to trade your
lot if you do trade, trade
to your advantage not
for accomidation, for this
world is composed of
Robbers Villians and honest
men, if you should happen
to get a hold of the former
class, you being a widow
would not make any
difference  Here I have been
giving you advice about
tradering and come to look
at the letter you are going
to trade with Uncle James
so I am not afraid of him
cheating you abit, but Mother
you had better get you a lot
whare you like it and if
I get home next spring
as I expect to I will try
and fix Orren and you
a home.  I will not say any
thing more about it
Mother do you eve visit
William Smiths Mother
any, you know it is our
business to look after the
Mothers of such men as
Bill was.  I often think
of her poor woman  I sup
pose her son was all the
world to her and it seems
t have broken her heart
almost to loos him, he
was a good boy and Splendid
Soldier  Tell Cousin Hellen
I would like very much
to go to some of the parties
you speak of, but I think
I could not walk 1500
miles and enjoy my self
much in one evening,
so I will have to be satisf
ied with the privelage of
of thinking of home and
its enjoyments  William
Sargeant has gone to
Boston on furlough,
he started a few days
ago.  Mother our pictures
wer taken in our every day
cloths, for we had no other
kind so you could not
expect to get good pictures
Tell Brother Orren that
although I have changed
my mind about
taking a rooster off
and fighting him but
I think it perfectly correct
to keep one that is able
to defend his own home
We have had splendid
news from the South
West, but do not place
any reliance on the
newspapers for my ca
ndid opinion is they
will tell most anything
for money, good or bad
J. S. Hill and myself
bunk together and
a splendid tent we
have you know, we have
no less than 8 shelter
tents that we have trucked
up on the deserted
lamps of the two years
and 9 months men
that have gone home.
You had ought of been
at the depot the other
day when the 127th Pa
went home they have
been noted for their cow
ardice and when they
went home the boys of
all the Regts around here
groaned for them, and
asked them how they
liked Fredericksburg
& the officers fairly foamed
at the mouth, but did
not did not do them any good
Dont be any afraid but
what I can get along
with the money I kept
for my own use for I
can do without for
that matter.  I have
money yet.  Henry
Boysen told us all about
Winona but then not
quite so well as one of
our Yankee boys for he
dont take as much not
ice of new things
     Do you ever hear
anything of Benjamin
Low.  I havent heard from
Benny in a long time
he may of went up the
spout long ago. (Spout
a favorite expression of the
collard individual)
Ely is well and also
is Charles North
John Lynn I have
not heard from for some
time H A Brink is
well and doing his reg
ular duty.  Mother I
have wrote this letter
in a running hand
or rather swinging hand
and with the nonsense
that is in it and the
writing weather intelligible
remains to be seen
     Love to Brother Orren
and your self
      Respects to all of my
Your Son
     Charles E. Goddard

[Note: William Smith was killed at Antietam in September, 1862. Goddard uses the term "up the spout" in a letter he wrote in 1864 shortly after the battle of Mine Run.  He was convinced that he would die that day in a charge against a well-fortified rebel line which had been ordered but was later cancelled.]

     Camp Near Centerville Va
            June 30th 1863
     Dear Mother
            Your kind
letter with those kid gloves
and information of the safe
passage of my letter contain
ing fifteen in Uncle Sams
promises to pay, arrived safe
yesterday, those kid gloves wer
jest the kind I wanted, but
they was most to large, but that
dose not make much difference
for I can ware them any
how  Since I last wrote we have
been doing some "tall" marching.
There have been no less than 70
men who fell dead out of this Corps
from the [Centerburg] Depot to Fairfax Station
caused by the hard marching
and excessive heat.  There has been
a great many disabled, also
about 1200 disabled and dead.
Gen Hancock has been
in command of the
Second corps since we left
the Depot, Gen Couch
having been ordered up in
Pennsylvania home two or three
days previous to our marching
We have heard here that the
Rebs are up in Chambersburg,
and most all of the boys
rejoice at the news, saying
that it will hunt out some
of those Shirks in Pennsylvania I think
myself that if we can only
get some of the money men
of New York and Pa in a
tight row of stumps that
they will open their books and
help rais equitriments and
soldier traps enough to rais
the [owaldice] of the two named
states, then let them come
in and help us give them
a good whipping that
will end the war.  I dont
need any thing now
Mother. I can draw gover
nment socks and they
will do to campaign with
this summer.  I would
rather you would not go
and get money of the County
or City, if you can get along
all right without it, if you
cant, of course you would be
justified in getting what you
could, I will try and send you
all the money I can.  This
makes the third time
that I have been to this
place, the 1st time I was not
fit to fight, the 2nd time I
could jest fight and that
was all, the 3rd and last
time.  I believe I could fight
pretty good, doubtful wheather
we will get a chance
Well Mother I will quit
with my respects to all my
     Love to Brother Orren
     and good share to yourself

     Charles E. Goddard



Matthew Marvin's Bound Diary

Saturday, June 13, 1863

Gen Police in camp today
They have tore down everything
at the depot & have taken it away
[All artis] this PM TheRebels
exchanged a few shots
Towards evening soon dryed up
Orders to put our rations in
our h,Sack & be ready at any
moment  passed the Eve pleas
antly in the tent had singing
Eaton Ely Jak & Churchill  Wrote to
Father Sent poems to AAT
L.G, & to Ann  Weather pleasant
at nite rain

Sunday, June 14, 1863

Nothing military going on in
camp  The boys went to the depot &
got all the lemons & sugar they
could carry & any amount of Pies
& cakes & Suttler truck  The Provost
marshall confiscated a lot of Liquor
sent to Brig HQ  Gen Harrow thought
it was not good threw it away & the
boys picked it up a lot aft.  We had
a rite smart time with the guard ...
at dark Started on the march went 3 miles
ordered back Went below & skirmished
down to the river found our pickets
came back to the bluff layed down
Ordered to fall in & go up the
river  Dam such marching  Some one
was drunk  Weather pleasant

No 17 Commences
Monday, June 15, 1863

We marched all last nite
for nothing have marched
about 30 miles  The roads
are very dirty can hardly
see the company ahead of us [so the]
About 40 was Sun struck in
this Corps alone  I took sick
was very dizzy with headache
got excused by the Dr we arrived at
Stafford Court House at 11 oclock
took one hour for dinner in the
hot sun  Bivouaced at 4 o'clock
Pm Orders to march at 3Am
i guess I am played out
       Weather pleasant

Marched 30 miles

Tuesday, June 16, 1863

Started [4] oclock  The roads
wer awful durty & the
Sun was very hot I petered
out again today Crossed
the Occoquam about 5 oclock
& Bivouaced on the bank
Was taken with severe cramping
& chills which lasted all nite
    Weather very hot

Marched 18 miles

Wednesday, June 17, 1863

Left the Occoquam at 8 o
clock i got a sick lieve
The weather was unmercibly
hot  two or three times I
thought I was a gone duck
Passed the camp of the 6th
Corps  Stoped to rest in the
old grist & saw mill wher
two years ago I made my diary
The mill is [aprrse] at rock
only 2 of the Stone left & the
iron all gone the country
looks the same  The collum halt
about 3 oclock I got in about 6 oclock
came darned near going under
Their was [9m Co] who got leaves
Gen Harrow has commd of Division & Gen
Gibbon the corps Col Ward the Brigade
   Weather pleasant

Marched 9 miles    Union Station

Thursday June 18, 1863

This Am went & had a wash & put
on clean cloths & throwed the other
away Tim Keily & I layed most
all day under a large B Walnut
tree  Tim like myself is played
out, the 6th Corps is on the march
It is said that 3000 will
have to go to the hospital from
this corps if they dont march
slower than they have done.
   weather pleasant
      Saturday 20th
This morning the boys charged on
a suttler that belongs here with
the troops  They turned out the
camp guards of 4 or 5 Rect &
Sgt disarmed a part of them
Officer made some threats & drew [his pis]
tol & they took it away

Friday, June 19, 1863

We left our Bivouac about 3
oclock arrived at centerville
near dark [and] camped in the
intrenchments  Recd letters
from Jim [Evak] & one from
G.E.E. I guess I am all
rite now I can stand the
marching  Weather Rain
   Saturday 20th
....took his sword and broke it
They had the suttler nearly finished
when Gen Hays comm of the fort ordered
out two cannon but first then an ADC
of Gibbons told the boys to go to
camp or they would get in trouble
which they done  They think....
....that clubs trump
... other corps.
        ....miles  Centerville

No 18 Commences
Saturday, June 20, 1863

Our Regt was the last to leave
Centerville in the rear of everything
arrived on the Old Bull Run Battle
field at dark & could not see much
...of the place it had changed a
considerable since we saw it last
about 9 or 10 oclock we passed one of
Gen Pope battlefields whar the dead
lay partially uncovered  Their bare
hands & ribs were sticking out
of the ground  from 9 to 11
we had very rapid marching &
came near giving out my left leg
is not near as strong as before & I
was dizzy & fell down once when nearly
blind with pain in head & leg the
collum halted & I felt better The [mud]
was shoe deep all the way & was ....
....Weather Po am  marched 12 miles

Thursday June 25, 1863

This morning about 6 o'clock the rebell cavalry attacked our pickets & skirmishing continued for about an hour We fell in under arms expecting a skirmish at any moment We stacked arms & packed up ready move at the [m…]. rumor says we shall go back to Leesburg Started on the march & about 9 o'clock the rebs opened on us from a hill Wounding one man in the 15th Mass & a piece of shell wounded the horse that Col Colvil le was riding he had to sleeves & very soon [most] skedaddle Rumor says they…. captured 2 of the rebs [cannon]

21 miles [Snn Springs]…

Friday June 26, 1863

The drums is sounding Reville waked me up I found my stockings [soked full] & cloths wet through we had barely time to make coffee and …when the orders came pack up pull in & march We thought ourselves heavy infantry we took the Leesburg Road but soon cut around on by roads camped on the ……Ed Ferry at 12 o'clock …..went through & …. To our knees Packed up at dark & went down to the river layed in the mud til 11 o'clock crossed in to Maryland at 8 o'clock There was 66 pontoon boats 16 …. Bridges Layed down about 7 o'clock Am about as mad as tired Stand march is the worst of all marches

Weather Leanery & Ratin

Marche 15 miles Ed Ferry

Saturday, June 27, 1863

Started on the march at noon
took the same road that we marched
one year & half ago the roads wer very
muddy and badly cut up with the
wagons  We had one of our [Stand]
marches at nite stop & started then
Brigade was badly strung out &
tired out on arriving at the camp
The boys shouted ...  ...
had just got to sleep & had to get up
& detail 16 men for picket Their was
a rite smart of Swearing
Weather [Leavery] pleasant

Marched 19 miles Near Ramstown

Sunday, June 28, 1863

Started on the March about 9 oclock
The roads were very good for infantry
but almost impassible for wagons
We crossed one creek [bridge]
we went in single file [It] would
of only taken 6 men half hour
to fixed it all rite  We wer delayed
2 or 3 hours & then had to march
harder to make up  We passed
Through Wurbana about 12
oclock camped in sight of
Frederick city drew 2 days Rattions
        Weather pleasant

Marche 12 miles Near Frederick

Monday, June 29, 1863

Started past 8 passed on the
South of Frederick passed Through
Liberty Johnsville Union
& passed through Union town a
bout a mile & camped at 9 oclock
it is the longest march weever
had  Some of the citizens wer
glad to see us others wer not  The
first 12 miles we marched in 4 hours
& waded a creek that could be [bridged]
in hour by doz men Gen [Or]
complyments us & says we marched
30 miles  Rumor says Mc is in
command of the army
     Weather Leavery Rain & pleasant
Rumor says that McClellan
has been Reinstated & they think it
is too good to be true but pray that
it is so

March 31 miles  Union Town

No 27 Commences
Tuesday, June 30, 1863

Stayed in camp all day was
mustered today for May & June
Was on Inspection  finished the
Pay Rolls & made the monthly report
had to lean against the Fence
& write on Knap sack it is
tough  Packed up once & ready
to march but the order was
counter manded before we had
fell in  Drew two days rations
I should like to serve the rest
of my time in a state whare
services appear to be appreciated as
here  Though none wer.. .  . . .
We have marched through a splendid
country well watered and timbered Wrote
to Jim, Ann & JJ
     Weather pleasant

Matthew Marvin's Loose Leaf Diary

No 18       Diary 1863
Saturday June 20th 1863
     The troops that wer stationed here
at Centerville did not have a very good
opinion of our Corps badge  They seemed to
think that diamonds were war trump last nite
This morning a lot of our boys went
over and shackled on to their suttler & was
cleaning him out when they called out
the guard of 4 or 5 Regts to stop it but
the boys was was to old for them They disarmed
about half of the guard & went in again
on ....nerve  An officer rod up with a
Revolver in his hand threatening to shoot but
just then an invisible stone struck his rist
causing the shooting iron to drop to the
ground he then drew his sword which he
was soon relieved of & broken he started
for the rear with his arm in a sling & his
head slightly swelled  Gen hayes hearing of
the disturbance in his camp or fun as the
boys called it  Ordered out two pieces of
Artillery saying that he would blow them up
if they didant disperce The boys wer
planning to charge & take the
pieces when an A.D.C of Gen Gibbon came
& told the boys they had had fun enough
& that if they stayed any longer they would
...get into trouble if they stayed their
any longer whareupon the boys scatered
for their regts & in ten minets one would
hardley know that a man had been out
of camp, The corps commenced to move
about 9 am  Our Regt was the rear guard
of everything 7 did not leave until about 2 Pm
when it commenced to rain it was very
disagreeable marching march & halt & march then
for a change they would halt & march The
roads are badly cut up we crossed the old
Bull Run Battle ground just at dark & we
did not see much of the place.  about 10 Pm
we crossed one of Gen Popes Battlefields
whar the ground was ... with skeletons
they had been poorly buried it was rather
a hard sight especialy at that time & hour
of the nite for we expected a battle within a
few days at the most  From the battle
field to Gainsville the road is
horrible the mud is ancle deep all the way
with now 7 then a hole about two feet
deep that would bring one up standing the
road has been macademized which makes it
very hard to march on my left leg comen
ced to ache & burn about 9 oclock & about
11 oclock I got dizzy & headached & was nearly
blind with the pane in my limb when
I pitched head first in the mud  The nite
was dark as pitch & I could neither hear or
see when I found  myself I herd the boys
talking I asked them how long we had stoped
.... .... said half an hour a drink of whiskey
from the Capt canteen helped the matter a
little & fortuneatrly for me we only mar
ched about ten rods and turned in for th
nite.  We have marched about 12 miles
to Gainsville & it has rained rite smart
nearly all the way  Our camp is beside
the road in the field the ground is hard & gravely
   Weather Rain

Sunday June 21st 1863

This morning just after
daybreak the Col told we would have to
turn out & make coffee or sleep a little longer
& go without it  It was awful hard work
to get up for the bones hung to the ground
like grim death to a dead Nigar  We have
marched about five miles to Thoroughfare
gap in the Blue Ridge Mt  The Pickets
have been Skirmishing nearly all day  The
Cavalry had a rite smart Skirmish at the
entrance to the gap  Weather pleasant

Monday 22nd

     Their is nothing unusual astir in camp
today the duties are rather hard on the
men come on every day come off of
picket in the morning & go on the next
morning  Steph Martin & I went
down in the woods and pulled leaves
to feather our bed with  Sleeping on
a bead of coarse gravel we thought was
auske speel   Weather Pleasant

No 19              Diary 1863
                    Tuesday June 23rd 1863

         Their is nothing unusual going
on in camp to day except their
was a heavy detail mad ro convoy a
train after rations as we are on
short allowance now & we are comple
tely surrounded by Rebs  Their is only
about a doz men in camp & they are
in the sick list their is no camp guard
in the daytime  Weather pleasant

          Wednesday 24th

     This morning Gore & I commenced
to make out the Muster & Payrolls
We got all done that could be done until
after Muster it was darned near as hard
a days work as marching as they are a
nice job to do when all the convena
ncies are handy  Madame Rumor
says we shall skedaddle from here
tomorrow that we are a licked
community  The convoy has returned
[fouting] like a boy steer  Weather pleasant


***Note June 25 t0 June 29 will appear soon.


No 21 Diary 1863

……………….Tuesday June 30th 1863…………….

We was mustered today for May
& June for Pay Was on inspections
Finished the payrolls &mad Monthly reports
For a writing desk we used knapsacks &
For chairs we sit on the ground & leaned
Back against the fence & layed two
Rails on the fence to keep off the rain
Orders came to March but was counter
Manded before we got packed up Drew
Two days rations There is some fun in
Soldiering in a country like this
Whare the citizens are at least half
Humane The country's thickly settled is
Well watered & plenty of Timber
Wrote to Jini Ann & JJ. Weather Rain