This page contains the data from William J. Fox's Regimental losses in
Both Ken Burn's in the PBS Civil War series and Michael Schaara in Killer Angels,
FIRST MINNESOTA INFANTRY
HARROW'S BRIGADE - GIBBONS DIVISION - SECOND CORPS
187 killed - 15 per cent
Total of killed and wounded, 585: missing and captured, 136; died in Confederate prisons (previously included), 13.
BATTLES K & M.W. BATTLES K. & M.W.
First Bull Run, Va .. 48 Fredericksburg, Va .. 1
Picket, Va., Oct. 22, 1861 .. 1 Gettysburg, Pa . 75
Goose Creek, Va 1 Bristoe Station, Va .. 2
Fair Oaks, Va . 2 Petersburg, Va. (assault, 1864) 3
Picket, Va., June 1, 1862 1 Jerusalem Road, Va . 4
Savage Station, Va . 10 Siege of Petersburg, Va 5
Glendale, Va .. 1 Deep Bottom, Va .. 5
Flint Hill, Va., Sept. 1, 1862 . 1 Ream's Station, Va 2
Vienna, Va., Sept. 2, 1862 4 Boydton Road, Va . 1
Antietam, Md 20
Present, also, at Yorktown; West Point; Peach Orchard; Malvern Hill; Second Fredericksburg; Mine Run; Strawberry Plains; Hatcher's Run; Farmville; Appomattox.
Notes. - The greatest regimental loss in any battle, in proportion to the number engaged, occurred in the ranks of the First Minnesota, at Gettysburg. In that battle, on the afternoon of the second day, the Confederates had broken through Sickles's ranks, and were about seizing an important position within the Union lines. They only body of troops at hand was the First Minnesota. Hancock, desiring to impede the enemy's advance until reinforcements could be brought up, ordered Colville to charge the advancing Confederate brigade with his regiment. Alone and unsupported it attacked them, drove them back, and captured their colors. But it was accomplished at a terrible cost; of the eight companies engaged - 262 all told - 215 were killed and wounded. It is the largest percentage of loss recorded in the annals of modern warfare. It as in action again on the following day, its casualties at Gettysburg aggregating 51 killed, and 173 wounded; total, 224. This regiment was organized April 29, 1861, and was the first in the Union Army to be mustered in for three years. It fought at First Bull Run - then in Franklin's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division. Its casualties on that field were 42 killed, 108 wounded, and 30 missing, the largest loss sustained by any regiment there. It was assigned, soon after, to the First Brigade, Second Division, Second Corps, in which it remained during its service.
TWENTIETH MAINE INFANTRY
VINCENT'S BRIGADE - GRIFFIN'S DIVISION - FIFTH CORPS
Total of killed and wounded, 528. Died of disease in Confederate prisons, 15.
BATTLES K. & M.W. BATTLES
Fredericksbury Va . 8 Siege of Petersburg, Va 14
Aldie, Va, June 21, 1863 ... 2 Jerusalem Road, Va .. 4
Gettysburg, Pa 41 Peebles Farm Va ... 13
Sharpsburg Pike, Md. (1863) . 1 Boydton Road, Va 2
Rappahonnock Station, Va . 1 Dabney's Mills, Va 2
Wilderness, Va ... 21 Gravelly Run, Va .. 3
Spotslvania, Va ... 12 Five Forks, Va .. 13
North Anna, Va .. 2 Appomattox, Va 1
Bethesda Church, Va .. 5 Place Unknown . 2
Present, also, at Antietam; Chancellorsville; Mine Run; Totopotomony; Weldon Railroad; Hatcher's Run.
Notes - The Twentieth Maine could not well be other than a good regiment, under the tuition and lead of such colonels as Ames and Chamberlain. Ames, who was destined to renown as the central figure at Fort Fisher, left the regiment in a few months, but not until he had lead the men in battle, and given them the benefit of his military training and experience. Colonel Chamberlain, a professor at Bowdoin, left his chair in spite of strenuous remonstrance and opposition, and tendered his services to the State. He, also, made a brilliant reputation as a colonel and a general, and is quoted as having said that "he never left one of his wounded in the hands of the enemy, or one of his dead without fitting burial." Chamberlain and his men did much to save the day at Gettysburg, by their prompt and plucky action at Little Round Top. Holding the extreme left on that field, they repulsed a well nigh successful attempt of the enemy to turn that flank, an episode which forms a conspicuous feature in the history of that battle. Their loss at Gettysburg was 29 killed and 96 wounded. General Bartlett commanded the brigade - 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th A.C. - at the Wilderness, where the regiment was hotly engaged, May 5th and 6th, with a loss of 13 killed, 82 wounded, and 16 missing. About 200 recruits were received in 1864; in June, 1864, there were only about 275 muskets for duty. It was engaged at Five Forks, with a heavy percentage of loss, and was skirmishing under fire when the surrender took place at Appomattox. After the war closed, the rolls were swelled by accessions from disbanded regiments.Top