Winona Daily Republican, July 3, 1863
News by Telegraph The Latest
TRANSMITTED TO THE WINONA REPUBLICAN
THE WAR IN THE EAST.
Position of the two Armies
They are both Massed at Gettysburg
Particulars of Wednesday's Battle
A severe and Bloody Contest
GREAT GALLANTRY OF OUR TROOPS.
The 11th Corps Redeem Themselves
They Repulse Lee's Veterans.
A DECIDED ADVANTAGE GAINED
Prisoners, Cannon, and Small
Gen. Meade on the Scene of Action
The Contest Renewed on Thursday
Continued up to Last Evening
Great Victory Won!
Baltimore, July 2. - The American has
the following in regard to the battle of Get-
tysburg: We regret to learn from officers
who brought they body of Gen. Reynolds,
who Brigadier General Paul was killed in
the same fight on the south of Gettysburg.
Col. Stone and Col. Wisternorth were wound-
ed and taken prisoners. Gen. Newton took
command of the 1st corps on the fall of Gen.
We learn from officers on Gen. Reynolds'
staff that our forces passed through Gettys-
burg at ten o'clock yesterday morning, and
when one quarter of a mile west of the town
encountered Longstreet and Hill, who attack-
ed the corps of Gen. Reynolds, which was in
advance. This corps stood the force of the
attack until it was relieved by the third
corps, and a commanding position secured.
The rebels made an attempt to flank the
position we had gained, but were repulsed.
Gens. Reynolds and Paul fell under a volley
from the rebel infantry. Both officers were
mounted and at the head of their troops. In
the course of the conflict we fell back before
superior numbers to a stronger position, and
the fight ceased for the day at 4 o'clock, and
the at the close of the evening the whole army
of the Potomac had reached the fight, and
Maj. Gen. Meade had all the corps strongly
posted for a renewal of the battle this morn-
ing. The loss of the enemy is considered
nearly equal to ours. The army is in fine
condition, and very enthusiastic. Our loss
of officers is very severe. Our army is re-
garded as better concentrated than the rebels
for the events of today.
Baltimore, July 2. - Reports from the
battle near Gettysburg yesterday are very
favorable. The cheering announcement
is made of the capture of a large number of
prisoners, stated at 6,000 - but this may be
an exaggeration. Gen. Schenck has just
Announced at Eaton house that 2,400 rebels
had already arrived.
The American learns from parties who
left Gettysburg at noon to day that every-
thing was progressing favorably for the ulti-
mate success of our army up to that time.
They assert that upwards of 6,000 prisoners
had been captured and sent to the railroad
terminus at Union bridge for transportation
to Baltimore. Gen. Schenck just announced
that he has in his possession 2,400 prisoners,
in Baltimore and at the Relay House. We
learn that nearly 1,000 of these were captured
on Wednesday by the eleventh army corps,
in the gallant charge on Longstreet's corps.
They are said to have at first slightly falter-
ed, but when Gen. Howard cried to them,
"Remember Chancellorsville!" they rushed
into the fight like infuriated demons, and
the whole line of the enemy gave way be-
During the early part of today, up to noon,
when our informant left, there had been no
general battle, though heavy skirmishing
had been going on all the morning, resulting
in heavy loss to the enemy, and the capture
of over 500 more prisoners. In all of these
skirmishes, which were conducted under the
direction of Gen. Meade, our armies were
entirely successful. The enemy studiously
avoided giving general battle.
Our forces were expected to press down
through the Cumberland valley on the ene-
Among the prisoners captured and arriv-
ed here are Gen. Archer and 20 other offi-
Baltimore, July 3. - 1 A.M. - The Ameri-
can also has the following: We learn from
Maj. Bumbgarden and another officer of
Gen. Reynolds, the following interesting par-
ticulars of the battle near Gettysburg, and
are happy to say it closed for the day with
the army of Gen. Meade in the most advan-
tageous position for either attack or defense.
At nine o'clock on Wednesday morning the
1st and 11th army corps reached Gettysburg
returned from the east side of the town and
marched directly through to the west. A
cavalry force of the enemy was in town, gal-
loping back as we advanced. On passing
out of the west end of town we observed the
rebels advancing rapidly from the Chambers-
burg Turnpike inline of battle towards the
town, evidently endeavoring to hold an ad-
vantageous position commanding the town.
The first corps, under Gen. Reynolds, which
was in advance, pushed forward at double
quick to secure an advantageous position.
The enemy, under Longstreet and Hill, ad-
vanced steadily, and in a few minutes a
heavy fire of artillery and musketry, opened
along the whole federal and rebel line. The
Eleventh army corps, under Howard, also
soon got into position, and for a time quite
a heavy battle raged.
Several charges were made by the enemy
to dislodge our forces, all of which were un-
successful. At 3 o'clock the enemy massed
his entire force and endeavored to turn our
right wing. Reynolds advanced to meet
them, and a heavy infantry fight ensued, in
which both suffered severly. After a vol-
ley of musketry being poured into the oppos-
ing column with deadly effect, the field be-
tween the contending armies was strewn
with dead and wounded. It is said the en-
emy suffered fully as heavily as we, though
it is not known what their loss is. The effort
to flank our right wing entirely failed, and
we held a prominent and commanding po-
sition, for which a struggle was made at the
close of the fight, which ceased for the day
about 4 p.m.
A great decisive battle is considered im-
minent, and notwithstanding our severe loss
in officers the advantages of the day were re-
garded as decidedly with our forces. The
army was in fine condition, full of enthusiasm
for continuing the battle and confident of
Harrisburg, July 2. - The battle at Get-
tysburg today was fierce and bloody. From
all I can gather, the rebellion has received
its mortal wound. Cannon, small guns, and
the field are among the trophies.
New York, July 3. - The Herald's Har-
risburg dispatch says: A column of 25,000
rebels passed through Billsbury yesterday
in the direction of Gettysburg.
Another account from a gentleman con-
nected with the press, who arrived here last
evening from Gettysburg, having left before
daylight in the morning, represent the con-
dition of affairs at the close of the fight on
Wednesday evening to have been still more
favorable and promising of a successful is-
sue than the previous information received.
He states that the rebels had held Gettys-
burg for some time previous to the approach
of our army, and that they not only occupied
but had commenced fortifying the hills west
of the town, where they prepared to meet
our advance toward Chambersburg and the
mouth of Cumberland valley. The move-
ment of Gen. Reynolds, and the rapidity
with which he advanced after entering the
east end of the town, took them somewhat
by surprise, and he soon obtained a promi-
nent position which the rebels were fortify-
ing. The fighting through the balance of
the day was a futile attempt on their part to
regain this important position, from which
they were frequently repulsed.
In the afternoon, both Longstreet and
Hill combined their forces for a grand effort
to turn our right flank, when Gen. Howard's
11th army corps most nobly repulsed these
two veteran corps of the rebel army. The
repulse was so complete that no farther at-
tempt was made by the enemy during the
balance of the day, and night closed in with
our holding the position chosen by the
enemy to give us battle from. The 3rd and
12th corps also came on the field after the
last repulse of the enemy, but owing to the
fall of Gen. Reynolds and the lateness of
the hour, as well as the exhaustion of the
men, and the desire to care for the wounded,
it was determined not to push the enemy for
a renewal of the conflict. When our informa-
tion left the field yesterday - Thursday -
morning, Gen. Meade had arrived, and the
main body of our army was in position, and
ready to attack.
Battlefield near Gettysburg, Thursday,
4:30 p.m. - Today has been quiet up
to the present. The enemy are massing a
heavy force on our left, and have just begun
an attack with artillery. There is a proba-
bility of a severe battle before dark. The
rebel sharpshooters are very troublesome -
shooting at our men from the steeples of
New York, July 3. - Tribune's dispatch,
dated Columbia, July 2nd, says the battle was
renewed this morning , and continued till 4
p.m., our forces gaining on the enemy.
Since 5 the firing has been heavier, looking
to a general engagement. Lee's forces are
said to be concentrated four miles north east
of Gettysburg. Sedgwick's corps is report-
ed pressing upon the enemy's rear. The 2nd
army corps is moving up from hanover.
This morning Tribune's Washingtons dis-
patch says a dispatch from Meade was re-
ceived indicating a pitched battle on Thurs-
An accident occurred at Harper's Ferry
yesterday. As the garrison were evacuating
the fortifications on Maryland Hights, a bar-
rel of gunpowder exploded, killing ten and
wounding forty soldiers of the 6th and 8th
Maryland regiments. The country between
Frederick and Poolsville is undisturbed.
Washington, July 3. - 1:10 a.m. - Im-
portant advices were received at midnight
of yesterday's battle. There seems to be
little doubt that a brilliant victory has been
won. The enemy has not only been repuls-
ed, but several thousand rebels were cap-
tured. Our loss has been large, but has re-
sulted so far as known, in a decided success.
Philadelphia, July 3. - The Press has a
dispatch from Wrightsville, Pa., at midnight.
Our forces were known to have gained on
the enemy until four o'clock, since which
the firing has been rapid, indicating a gen-
eral engagement. A rebel force is concen-
trated on South Mountain, towards Carlisle,
six miles north of Gettysburg. Sedgwick's
corps passed York in the direction of Dover
this afternoon. It is in the enemy's rear.